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Embryonic diapause in the elasmobranchs

Citation

Waltrick, D and Awruch, C and Simpfendorfer, C, Embryonic diapause in the elasmobranchs, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 22, (4) pp. 849-859. ISSN 0960-3166 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Springer 2012 Science+Business Media B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11160-012-9267-5

Abstract

Embryonic diapause is a temporary suspension of development at any stage of embryogenesis, which prolongs the gestation period, allowing parturition to occur in conditions that are more suitable for newborns. This reproductive trait is widespread among all vertebrates, including elasmobranchs. Although it has only been confirmed in two elasmobranchs (Rhizoprionodon taylori and Dasyatis say), evidence indicates that at least 14 species of rays and two sharks undergo diapause, suggesting that this form of reproduction exists within a wide range of elasmobranch reproductive modes, including lecithotrophs and matrotrophs. Where it has been studied, embryogenesis is arrested at the blastodisc stage and preserved in the uterus for periods from four to 10 months. There are still many questions that remain unanswered concerning the knowledge on the biology of most diapausing species but it is clear that species benefit differently from this reproductive trait. As in other vertebrates, it is likely that environmental cues and hormones (especially progesterone and prolactin) are involved in the control of diapause in elasmobranchs, however rigorous testing of current hypothesis remains to be carried out. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Physiology
Research Field:Animal Physiology - Cell
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
Author:Awruch, C (Dr Cynthia Awruch)
ID Code:83163
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2013-03-04
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:0

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