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Minimax current density gradient coils: Analysis of coil performance and heating

Citation

Poole, MS and While, PT and Lopez, HS and Crozier, S, Minimax current density gradient coils: Analysis of coil performance and heating, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 68, (2) pp. 639-648. ISSN 0740-3194 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1002/mrm.23248

Abstract

Standard gradient coils are designed by minimizing the inductance or resistance for an acceptable level of gradient field nonlinearity. Recently, a new method was proposed to minimize the maximum value of the current density in a coil additionally. The stated aim of that method was to increase the minimum wire spacing and to reduce the peak temperature in a coil for fixed efficiency. These claims are tested in this study with experimental measurements of magnetic field and temperature as well as simulations of the performance of many coils. Experimental results show a 90% increase in minimum wire spacing and 40% reduction in peak temperature for equal coil efficiency and field linearity. Simulations of many more coils indicate increase in minimum wire spacing of between 50 and 340% for the coils studied here. This method is shown to be able to increase coil efficiency when constrained by minimum wire spacing rather than switching times or total power dissipation. This increase in efficiency could be used to increase gradient strength, duty cycle, or buildability.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:gradient coils, minimax |j| current density, temperature, wire spacing, efficiency
Research Division:Mathematical Sciences
Research Group:Applied Mathematics
Research Field:Applied Mathematics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences
Author:While, PT (Dr Peter While)
ID Code:83105
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2013-03-01
Last Modified:2013-07-05
Downloads:0

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