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Tectonic controls on the evolution of the Clutha River catchment, New Zealand


Craw, D and Upton, P and Walcott, R and Burridge, C and Waters, J, Tectonic controls on the evolution of the Clutha River catchment, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55, (4) pp. 345-359. ISSN 0028-8306 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Royal Society of New Zealand

DOI: doi:10.1080/00288306.2012.709184


A synthesis of published information on mountain uplift and river capture in Otago suggests that the Clutha River catchment has evolved westwards and expanded since the Pliocene. River capture events that facilitated catchment expansion are indicated by sediment provenance, drainage geometry and freshwater fish genetics. The catchment has been partly confined by NWtrending ranges and the Southern Alps to the west, and drainage geometry was disrupted by subsequent growth of NE-trending ranges. Examination of crustal-scale deformation via an established numerical model, which portrays the Otago Schist basement as rheologically weak compared to adjacent greywacke-dominated structural blocks, suggests that uplift geometry was controlled by the inherited Cretaceous boundary between these crustal blocks. Pre-existing faults had relatively minor effects on uplift geometry. A low-relief corridor between Canterbury and Southland permitted genetic connections of freshwater fish populations through to < 1 Ma, to the west of the developing Clutha catchment. © 2012 The Royal Society of New Zealand.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Structural geology and tectonics
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
UTAS Author:Burridge, C (Associate Professor Christopher Burridge)
ID Code:83083
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2013-02-28
Last Modified:2017-10-03

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