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Multi-level and multi-arena governance: the limits of integration and the possibilities of forum shopping


Kellow, A, Multi-level and multi-arena governance: the limits of integration and the possibilities of forum shopping, International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 12, (4) pp. 327-342. ISSN 1567-9764 (2012) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2012 Springer, Part of Springer Science+Business Media

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10784-012-9172-3


Global governance occurs through a large number of issue-area regimes that constitute multiple arenas of governance at multiple levels. This paper draws upon established literature from public administration to show that such fragmentation is unavoidable, because it occurs even in governance at the national level. Moreover, while such fragmentation undoubtedly carries with it problems, it also brings advantages, such as redundancy which makes it less likely that blame avoidance will result in issues being overlooked. The existence of multiple arenas also makes possible the phenomenon of ‘forum shopping’, which allows entrepreneurial actors to advance (or block) the development of international agreements. Using primarily examples from environmental governance, but with some comparative examples from other issue areas, this paper reflects upon both the threats and opportunities this reality presents, suggesting that the prevailing fragmentation of governance at once presents not just an obstacle to global governance, but opportunities for improving global governance—opportunities that would not occur if a single regime enjoyed a monopoly on governing capacity.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Forum shopping – Multilateral environmental agreements – Multi-arena governance – Negotiation processes – Regime formation – Minilateralism
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Political science
Research Field:International relations
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Environmental policy, legislation and standards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kellow, A (Professor Aynsley Kellow)
ID Code:83012
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Government
Deposited On:2013-02-27
Last Modified:2017-11-07

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