Gisselbrecht, C and Schmitz, N and Mounier, N and Singh Gill, D and Linch, DC and Trneny, M and Bosly, A and Milpied, NJ and Radford, J and Ketterer, N and Shpilberg, O and Duhrsen, U and Hagberg, H and Ma, DD and Viardot, A and Lowenthal, R and Briere, J and Salles, G and Moskowitz, CH and Glass, B, Rituximab maintenance therapy after autologous stem-cell transplantation in patients with relapsed CD20(+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: final analysis of the collaborative trial in relapsed aggressive lymphoma, Journal of Clinical Oncology, 30, (36) pp. 4462-4469. ISSN 0732-183X (2012) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2012 American Society of Clinical Oncology
Purpose: The standard treatment for relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is salvage chemotherapy followed by high-dose therapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT). The impact of maintenance rituximab after ASCT is not known.
Patients and Methods: In total, 477 patients with CD20+ DLBCL who were in their first relapse or refractory to initial therapy were randomly assigned to one of two salvage regimens. After three cycles of salvage chemotherapy, the responding patients received high-dose chemotherapy followed by ASCT. Then, 242 patients were randomly assigned to either rituximab every 2 months for 1 year or observation.
Results: After ASCT, 122 patients received rituximab, and 120 patients were observed only. The median follow-up time was 44 months. The 4-year event-free survival (EFS) rates after ASCT were 52% and 53% for the rituximab and observation groups, respectively (P = .7). Treatment with rituximab was associated with a 15% attributable risk of serious adverse events after day 100, with more deaths (six deaths v three deaths in the observation arm). Several factors affected EFS after ASCT (P < .05), including relapsed disease within 12 months (EFS: 46% v 56% for relapsed disease after 12 months), secondary age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (saaIPI) more than 1 (EFS: 37% v 61% for saaIPI < 1), and prior treatment with rituximab (EFS: 47% v 59% for no prior rituximab). A significant difference in EFS between women (63%) and men (46%) was also observed in the rituximab group. In the Cox model for maintenance, the saaIPI was a significant prognostic factor (P < .001), as was male sex (P = .01).
Conclusion: In relapsed DLBCL, we observed no difference between the control group and the rituximab maintenance group and do not recommend rituximab after ASCT.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Cancer and Related Disorders|
|UTAS Author:||Lowenthal, R (Professor Ray Lowenthal)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||127|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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