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Sea Ice Extent and Concentration


Massom, RA and Reid, P and Stammerjohn, S and Barreira, S and Scambos, T, Sea Ice Extent and Concentration, Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society - State of the Climate in 2011, 93, (7) pp. S157-S159. ISSN 1520-0477 (2012) [Refereed Article]


DOI: doi:10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1


During 2011, zonally-averaged Antarctic sea ice extent was characterized by three broad phases that were closely associated with the changes in largescale patterns of atmospheric circulation described in section 6b. From near-average levels at the beginning of the year (compared to the 19812010 mean), the zonallyaveraged sea ice extent tracked at 12 standard deviations below the long-term mean from mid-January through mid-May (Fig. 6.8a) - including some brief times when it dipped below the 30-year record.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic, atmospheric circulation, sea ice
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Effects of climate change on Antarctic and sub-Antarctic environments (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:Massom, RA (Dr Robert Massom)
ID Code:82497
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2013-02-05
Last Modified:2022-06-29
Downloads:194 View Download Statistics

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