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The Entolomataceae of Tasmania

Citation

Noordeloos, ME and Gates, G, The Entolomataceae of Tasmania, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 400. ISBN 978-94-007-4678-7 (2012) [Authored Research Book]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Mushroom Research Foundation

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-94-007-4679-4

Abstract

This book is the result of 14 years of collecting Entolomataceae in the native forests of Tasmania, Australia. Although initially involving only the Tasmanian residents Genevieve Gates and David Ratkowsky, who made twice- or thrice-weekly forays into the forests throughout the year, the project was subsequently joined by agaric specialist Machiel Noordeloos from the Netherlands and by fungi photographer Michael Pilkington from the United Kingdom. The international character of the project is further evidenced by the earlier contributions of American mycologist Tim Baroni to the Tasmanian Rhodocybe species which form the basis of the chapter on the now-expanded concept of Clitopilus , and a visit of several months in 2010 by Brazilian Ph.D. candidate Fernanda Karstedt, who helped to formulate the keys to the Entoloma species. Consequently, several thousand well-annotated collections were found during this inventory and form the basis of this monographic treatment of the Entoloma and Clitopilus of Tasmania. The resulting 90 Entoloma species and 10 Clitopilus species are well documented with standardized descriptions, line drawings of fruit bodies and diagnostic microscopic characters, and, when available, with colour photographs. Thanks to the intensive search, it was possible to illustrate most species in colour. Dichotomous keys facilitate identi fi cation of the species. The species concept used is morphologically based; in several cases, however, identi fi cation to species level is supported by molecular data.

The Entolomataceae mycota of Tasmania appears to be fairly unique, as 73 out of 90 species of Entoloma and 5 out of 10 Clitopilus species are new to science, with the majority of the remaining species shared with New Zealand. Only a few taxa have characteristics that match those of European species, and might have been introduced from Europe.

The large number of observations enabled the authors to use a statistical analysis of the phenological data, resulting in the recognition of fi ve distinct fruiting patterns. Some species appear preferably in winter and spring, others in the summer and autumn months, where groups can be distinguished with a rather wide fruiting spectrum, encompassing eight months, whereas others have a typical autumnal appearance in the months of April–June.

The introductory part contains chapters focussed on the taxonomy, phylogeny, and biogeography of Entolomataceae in Tasmania, in which the current state of knowledge is discussed. There are chapters dedicated speci fi cally to the study of Entolomataceae, giving instructions how to collect, document, and preserve specimens for identi fi cation, and a well-illustrated chapter on characters and character states that are used in Entolomataceae identi fi cation and taxonomy. The introductory part concludes with a chapter dedicated to the ecology, distribution, and phenology of the Tasmanian Entolomataceae, based on the very many observations during this study.

Full references to the cited literature are given, as well as an index of species names and synonyms.

Item Details

Item Type:Authored Research Book
Keywords:fungi, taxonomy, Tasmania, Entoloma, Clitopilus, Rhodocybe
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Plant Biology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Gates, G (Dr Genevieve Gates)
ID Code:82261
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2013-01-23
Last Modified:2013-06-12
Downloads:0

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