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The Family Methylococcaceae

Citation

Bowman, JP, The Family Methylococcaceae, The Prokaryotes: Gammaproteobacteria, Springer, E Rosenberg, EF DeLong, S Lory, E Stackenbrandt, F Thompson (ed), Berlin, Germany, pp. 411-440. ISBN 978-3-642-38921-4 (2014) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Springer-Verlag

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-642-38922-1_237

Abstract

The family Methylococcaceae includes the type I methanotrophs, bacterial taxa belonging to class Gammaproteobacteria able to use methane and methanol as sole carbon and energy sources but are unable to use substrates containing carbon-carbon bonds. Phylogenetically the family is polyphyletic and includes three distinct clades. Nevertheless, all three clades have characteristics typical of type I methanotrophs including intracellular membranes arranged in lamellar stacks, possession of the particulate version but not usually the soluble version of methane monooxygenase, and utilization of the ribulose monophoshate pathway to assimilate C1 carbon units. Members of the Methylococcaceae are found in any environment where methane and oxygen coexist including cold to thermal environments in both terrestrial and marine locations. Type I methanotrophs are efficient oxidizers of methane and have been applied as biofilters in industrial and remediation applications. Ecologically type I methanotrophs intercept much of the methane generated either biotically or abiotically and thus have a critical role in Earth’s carbon cycles and natural homeostatic processes.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Microbial Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of environments not elsewhere classified
Author:Bowman, JP (Associate Professor John Bowman)
ID Code:81994
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2013-01-14
Last Modified:2017-10-16
Downloads:0

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