eCite Digital Repository

Kinematic and static GPS techniques for estimating tidal displacements with application to Antarctica


King, MA, Kinematic and static GPS techniques for estimating tidal displacements with application to Antarctica, Journal of Geodynamics, 41, (1-3) pp. 77-86. ISSN 0264-3707 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jog.2005.08.019


For several decades relative gravimetric measurements have allowed the precise observation of harmonic signals related to Earth body and ocean tides. More recently, GPS data have been shown to be precise enough to allow the determination of antenna displacements at tidal frequencies in three dimensions. In this paper I focus on a comparison between 'kinematic' and 'static' tidal displacement estimation techniques using GPS data between ∼1998.5 and 2003.5 from South Pole (AMUN). The GPS estimates are compared with modelled values using the TPXO.6 and FES99 numerical tide models which themselves are found to be in agreement at the ∼1/100 mm level except for O1 and N2. The kinematic estimates are of lower accuracy to the static estimates and the height time series is dominated by non-tidal errors. The best resolved frequencies in the kinematic analysis are solar-related constituents, suggesting the presence of GPS systematic biases. The static analysis agrees with the model estimates, generally at the sub-mm level, with larger errors evident at S2, K1 and K2 frequencies. A time-variable behaviour of K2 is demonstrated. After combination of all daily data, high correlations (0.7-0.9) are evident between north and east components of each constituent, whilst the remainder of the correlations are less than 0.06. These correlations alter with site latitude and point to the source of the correlations being related to the non-integer ambiguities in the daily GPS estimates which are known to introduce correlations between horizontal and vertical site coordinate components and also change with site latitude. Fixing carrier phase ambiguities to integers may therefore increase the precision of harmonic parameter estimates using GPS. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Ocean tide loading displacements; South Pole; Static and kinematic GPS; Earth tide; GPS; kinematics; Antarctica
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Physical geography and environmental geoscience not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:King, MA (Professor Matt King)
ID Code:81911
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:29
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2013-01-11
Last Modified:2013-01-11

Repository Staff Only: item control page