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Differences in anti-predator traits of a native bivalve following invasion by a habitat-forming seaweed

Citation

Wright, JT and Byers, JE and Koukoumaftsis, LP and Gribben, PE, Differences in anti-predator traits of a native bivalve following invasion by a habitat-forming seaweed, Marine and Freshwater research, 63, (3) pp. 246-250. ISSN 1448-6059 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/MF11184

Abstract

Invasive habitat-forming species cause large changes to the abiotic environment, which may lead to lethal and sublethal effects on native fauna. In this study, we tested whether morphological anti-predator traits of an infaunal bivalve, Anadara trapezia, differed between areas invaded by the habitat-forming seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia and uninvaded habitats in estuaries in New South Wales, Australia. Caulerpa changes the abiotic environment in ways that may affect traits of native species. In particular, there is lower water flow, lower dissolved oxygen in the water and sediments are more silty and anoxic than in unvegetated habitat. To test our hypotheses, we collected Anadara from Caulerpa and uninvaded habitats and measured shell thickness, shell strength and resistance to opening of valves. We found that all three traits were reduced in Anadara from Caulerpa habitat compared with Anadara from uninvaded habitats. These findings are consistent with the idea that trait modifications in native fauna in response to invasive habitat-forming species can potentially increase susceptibility to predation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Anadara trapezia, bivalve, Caulerpa taxifolia, invasive seaweed, predation, shell strength, traits
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Wright, JT (Dr Jeffrey Wright)
ID Code:81207
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:NC Marine Conservation and Resource Sustainability
Deposited On:2012-11-27
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:0

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