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Low grade heat driven multi-effect distillation technology


Wang, X and Christ, A and Regenauer-Lieb, K and Hooman, K and Chua, HT, Low grade heat driven multi-effect distillation technology, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 25-26, (54) pp. 5497-5503. ISSN 0017-9310 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2011.07.041


Low grade heat driven multi-effect distillation (MED) desalination has received tremendous attention recently. The primary reason is that many countries, such as Australia, are water short and conventional desalination technology is energy intensive. If the required energy hails from fossil fuel source, then the freshwater production will contribute to carbon dioxide emission and consequently global warming. Low grade heat sources such as geothermal energy and waste heat from process plants generate minimal carbon dioxide. This source of energy is generally abundant at a typical temperature around 6590 C in many localities, and matches perfectly with the MED technology which is driven with a maximum temperature of about 90 C. In this paper, we propose a MED design to better harness the low grade thermal energy. By means of a calibrated simulation model, validated with experimental data of single effect freshwater generators, we demonstrate that 2560% improvement to the freshwater yield compared with conventional MED design is possible.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Other engineering
Research Field:Other engineering not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Wang, X (Professor Xiaolin Wang)
ID Code:81203
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:57
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2012-11-27
Last Modified:2017-11-06

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