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Online exposure treatment for spider fear: the effects of moving versus static images on treatment adherence, fear elicitation and habituation

Citation

Matthews, AJ and Scanlan, JD and Kirkby, KC, Online exposure treatment for spider fear: the effects of moving versus static images on treatment adherence, fear elicitation and habituation, Behaviour Change, 29, (1) pp. 15-24. ISSN 0813-4839 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1017/bec.2012.7

Abstract

This research aimed to examine the effects of moving (videos) versus static (pic~ tures) images on habituation and progression in a hierarchy during online symbolic exposure (OSE) for spider fear. Participants were 351 people with high spider fear who logged on to an OSE website (www.feardrop.com) for self~help purposes. The inclusion of moving images in the exposure hierarchy increased adherence rates relative to static images, particularly among those with lower relative to higher spider fear. Those who viewed moving images at Stage 2 showed higher Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS) ratings overall, but a similar pattern of habitua~ tion relative to those who viewed static images. In addition, 71 % of participants completed at least one stage of the OSE program, representing an improvement from 30% adherence in previous research that used an earlier version of the pro~ gram. These findings support the development of tailored exposure hierarchies to maximise adherence and treatment benefit for individual participants.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:spider phobia, exposure treatment, internet, online interventions, habituation, anxiety
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:Matthews, AJ (Dr Allison Matthews)
Author:Scanlan, JD (Dr Joel Scanlan)
Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
ID Code:81150
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2012-11-23
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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