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Comparison of the effective temperatures, gravities and helium abundances of DAO white dwarfs from Balmer and Lyman line studies

Citation

Good, SA and Barstow, MA and Holberg, JB and Sing, DK and Burleigh, MR and Dobbie, PD, Comparison of the effective temperatures, gravities and helium abundances of DAO white dwarfs from Balmer and Lyman line studies, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 355, (3) pp. 1031-1040. ISSN 0035-8711 (2004) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2004 RAS

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.08406.x

Abstract

The use of observations of the hydrogen Balmer absorption series is a well-established method of determining the surface gravity and effective temperature (Teff) of white dwarfs. In situations where the Balmer lines cannot be used it is possible to use the hydrogen Lyman series instead. However, previous studies by Barstow et al. have shown that for DAs (hydrogen-rich, no helium) hotter than ∼50 000 K the Lyman lines systematically yield higher values of Teff than the Balmer lines. Analysis of optical and FUSE spectra of 16 DAO white dwarfs (hybrid hydrogen/helium) demonstrates that temperatures measured using the different data sets continue to diverge at even higher temperatures, and in three extreme cases Teff derived from the Lyman lines is in excess of 120 000 K. These discrepancies are observed to decrease at lower gravities and luminosities. Helium abundances were also determined from the strength of He ii lines in the two wavelength regimes. These agree well, even though the temperatures differ considerably, with the exception of two DAO+M dwarf binaries. For these, the change in the measured helium abundance may result from the different times at which the objects were observed in the two wavelength regimes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:stars: atmospheres; white dwarfs; ultraviolet: stars
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical and Space Sciences
Research Field:Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Author:Dobbie, PD (Dr Paul Dobbie)
ID Code:81116
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2012-11-22
Last Modified:2013-06-26
Downloads:0

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