eCite Digital Repository

Enhancing planning strategies for sunscreen use at different stages of change


Craciun, C and Schuz, N and Lippke, S and Schwarzer, R, Enhancing planning strategies for sunscreen use at different stages of change, Health Education Research, 27, (5) pp. 857-867. ISSN 0268-1153 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 the Author.

DOI: doi:10.1093/her/cys091


To promote sun safety by implementing different plans for sunscreen use, different psychological interventions are compared. Self-regulatory strategies such as action planning and coping planning are seen as proximal predictors of actual behavior. The study compares a pure planning intervention with a broader resource communication and examines differential effects at different stages of change. A sun safety online study was designed with two intervention groups (resource communication versus planning) and one control group at two assessment points, 2 weeks apart. Participants (N = 292) were grouped post hoc according to their stage of change, resulting in 51 pre-intenders (no intention to use sunscreen), 102 intenders (high intention but no regular use of sunscreen) and 139 actors (sunscreen use on a regular basis). No overall treatment effects on planning, but an interaction between time, stage and intervention emerged. The resource communication was more effective for pre-intenders, whereas the planning intervention proved more effective for intenders. A planning treatment was more beneficial in motivated individuals, whereas a broader approach was better for unmotivated ones. Findings highlight the potential that stage-matched interventions might have in the context of sun safety promotion.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:sun protection, action planning, coping planning, stages of change
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Health education and promotion
UTAS Author:Schuz, N (Dr Natalie Schuez)
ID Code:80920
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2012-11-15
Last Modified:2017-11-06

Repository Staff Only: item control page