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World Beef Production


Malau-Aduli, AEO and Holman, BWB, World Beef Production, Beef Cattle Production and Trade, CSIRO Publishing, DJ Cottle, L Khan (ed), Victoria, Australia, pp. 65-80. ISBN 9780643109889 (2014) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2014 David Cottle

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Beef cattle, like other ruminants, have a complex digestive system inhabited by rumen microorganisms that can effectively convert pastures and other plant-derived products to meat and milk for human consumption (Chapters 15 and 16). To be able to appreciate the diversity in cattle performance in global beef production systems, a firm understanding of beef cattle performance indices and unique climatic, management and production systems around the world is essential. For example, in Australia, specialised beef breeds and crossbred cattle dominate beef production, whereas in New Zealand, Europe and the USA (Chapter 5), dairy beef constitutes a substantial percentage of finished beef production because land is too expensive to run cattle specifically for producing beef. An estimated 88.5% contribution of Holstein genetics to finished steers, representing the largest recognisable single-breed source to beef production in the USA, has been reported (USDA 2011; Schaefer 2005). Holstein steers also represent 1520% of lot-fed steers in the USA (Rust and Abney 2005). In New Zealand, dairy breeds also dominate beef production, providing approximately half the weight of beef produced and slightly less than 50% of the value of beef produced (Charteris et al. 1998). In Australia, nearly 75% of the land mass is suitable only for beef production as the soil is too poor and rainfall is too low for cropping and the returns from wool are too small due to the labour-intensive nature of the production system. This chapter gives an overview of global beef production systems, industry characteristics and outlooks for the beef industries in Australia (Chapters 9 and 10), India, Argentina, Brazil (Chapter 6), the USA (Chapter 5), Canada and the European Union, to represent selected regions in Oceania, Asia, South America, North America and Europe. Descriptions of the operational peculiarities and diversity in management practices that integrate genetics, nutrition and other environmental key drivers of profitability are presented.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Animal production
Research Field:Animal growth and development
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Livestock raising
Objective Field:Beef cattle
UTAS Author:Malau-Aduli, AEO (Associate Professor Aduli Malau-Aduli)
UTAS Author:Holman, BWB (Mr Benjamin Holman)
ID Code:80868
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2012-11-14
Last Modified:2015-03-25

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