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Phytoplankton selenium requirements: The case for species isolated from temperate and polar regions of the southern hemisphere


Wake, BD and Hassler, CS and Bowie, AR and Haddad, PR and Butler, ECV, Phytoplankton selenium requirements: The case for species isolated from temperate and polar regions of the southern hemisphere, Journal of Phycology, 48, (3) pp. 585-594. ISSN 0022-3646 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Phycological Society of America

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2012.01153.x


A series of laboratory culture experiments was used to investigate the effect of selenium (Se, 0–10 nM) on the growth, cellular volume, photophysiology, and pigments of two temperate and four polar oceanic phytoplankton species [coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) W. W. Hay et H. P. Mohler, cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp., prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis sp., and three diatoms—Fragilariopsis cylindrus (Grunow) Kriegar, Chaetoceros sp., and Thalassiosira antarctica G. Karst.]. Only Synechoccocus sp. and Phaeocystis sp. did not show any requirement for Se. Under Se-deficient conditions, the growth rate of E. huxleyi was decreased by 1.6-fold, whereas cellular volume was increased by 1.9-fold. Se limitation also decreased chl a (2.5-fold), maximum relative electron transport rate (1.9-fold), and saturating light intensity (2.8-fold), suggesting that Se plays a role in photosynthesis or high-light acclimation. Pigment analysis for Antarctic taxa provided an interesting counterpoint to the physiology of E. huxleyi. For all Se-dependent Antarctic diatoms, Se limitation decreased growth rate and chl a content, whereas cellular volume was not affected. Pigment analysis revealed that other pigments were affected under Se deficiency. Photoprotective pigments increased by 1.4-fold, while diadinoxanthin:diatoxanthin ratios decreased by 1.5- to 4.9-fold under Se limitation, supporting a role for Se in photoprotection. Our results demonstrate an Se growth requirement for polar diatoms and indicate that Se could play a role in the biogeochemical cycles of other nutrients, such as silicic acid in the Southern Ocean. Se measurements made during the austral summer in the Southern Ocean and Se biological requirement were used to discuss possible Se limitation in phytoplankton from contrasting oceanographic regions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic, phytoplankton, diatom, Emiliania huxleyi, marine, micronutrient, Phaeocystis, photosynthesis, phytoplankton, selenium
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Antarctic and Southern Ocean oceanic processes
UTAS Author:Wake, BD (Miss Bronwyn Wake)
UTAS Author:Bowie, AR (Professor Andrew Bowie)
UTAS Author:Haddad, PR (Professor Paul Haddad)
ID Code:80560
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2012-11-02
Last Modified:2017-11-03

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