Effectiveness of a national approach to prescribing education for multiple disciplines
Khanal, S and Buckley, T and Harnden, C and Koo, M and Peterson, G and Ryan, A and Tse, J and Westbury, J and Zuo, Y, Effectiveness of a national approach to prescribing education for multiple disciplines, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 75, (3) pp. 756-762. ISSN 0306-5251 (2013) [Refereed Article]
To evaluate the effectiveness of a national approach to prescribing
education on health professional students’ prescribing and
therapeutics knowledge, across multiple disciplines.
In a university examination setting, 83 medical, 40 pharmacy and
13 nurse practitioner students from three different universities
completed a set of multiple choice questions (MCQs) before and
after completing an online module from the National Prescribing
Curriculum (NPC). To minimise overestimation of knowledge,
students had to indicate the level of certainty for each answer on a
three-point scale. MCQs were scored using a validated certaintybased
marking scheme resulting in a composite score (maximum
30 and minimum -60). Students were asked to rate their
perception of usefulness of the module.
At the pre-module phase, there were no significant differences in the
composite MCQ scores between the medical (9.0±10.3), pharmacy
(10.2±10.6) and nurse practitioner (8.0±10.7) students. The scores improved significantly for all groups at the post-module phase
(p<0.01 for all groups) by similar extents (post-module results:
medical, 14.5±9.6; pharmacy, 14.4±9.9; nurse practitioner, 12.1±9.6).
39.4% of the MCQs answered incorrectly with high level of certainty
at the pre-module phase were still answered incorrectly with high
level of certainty at the post-module phase. Almost all students (with
no significant difference between the groups) found the NPC
modules, post-module MCQs and feedback useful as a learning tool.
A national online approach to prescribing education can improve
therapeutics knowledge of students from multiple disciplines of
health care and contribute towards streamlining interdisciplinary
learning in medication management.
prescribing, therapeutics, national prescribing curriculum, medical, pharmacy, nurse practitioner