Saito, S and Dunne, KJ and Evans, KJ and Barry, K and Cadle-Davidson, L and Wilcox, WF, Optimisation of techniques for quantification of Botrytis cinerea in grape berries and receptacles by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 19, (1) pp. 68-73. ISSN 1322-7130 (2012) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2013 Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology Inc.
Background and Aims: Bunch rot symptoms can appear weeks after infection of grape flowers by Botrytis cinerea. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) detects changes in the DNA mass of a target organism and is a potential tool for studying quiescent infections. The aim was to optimise a duplex qPCR to quantify B. cinerea DNA in the background of endogenous Vitis vinifera DNA.
Methods and Results: Three DNA extraction techniques and three probe sets were compared. The optimised qPCR using the Bc3 probe set was 1000-fold more sensitive than other probe sets, with a Ct value of <33 for as little as 1 picogram of B. cinerea DNA. The duplex assay successfully detected increasing amounts of B. cinerea DNA when mixed with V. vinifera DNA, or B. cinerea conidia when added to grape receptacles.
Conclusions: Duplex assays quantifying B. cinerea DNA in the background of endogenous grape DNA were efficient and sensitive, with calculation of a pathogen coefficient allowing comparison of results among assays.Significance of the study: The results demonstrate the potential to monitor symptomless, quiescent infections and to investigate the consequence of an intervention (e.g. a fungicide treatment) before disease symptoms are visible.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Botrytis cinerea, Botryotinia fuckeliana, detection, pathogen coefficient, quantitative PCR|
|Research Division:||Biological Sciences|
|Research Group:||Plant biology|
|Research Field:||Plant pathology|
|Objective Division:||Plant Production and Plant Primary Products|
|Objective Group:||Industrial crops|
|Objective Field:||Wine grapes|
|UTAS Author:||Dunne, KJ (Miss Katie Dunne)|
|UTAS Author:||Evans, KJ (Associate Professor Katherine Evans)|
|UTAS Author:||Barry, K (Associate Professor Kara Barry)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||12|
|Deposited By:||Agricultural Science|
|Downloads:||5 View Download Statistics|
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