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Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle

Citation

Giuliani, A and Kamenetsky, VS and Phillips, D and Kendrick, MA and Wyatt, BA and Goemann, K, Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle, Geology, 40, (11) pp. 967-970. ISSN 0091-7613 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Geological Society of America

DOI: doi:10.1130/G33221.1

Abstract

Mantle xenoliths sampled by kimberlite and alkali basalt magmas show a range of metasomatic styles, but direct evidence for the nature of the metasomatising fluids is often elusive. It has been suggested that carbonate-rich melts produced by partial melting of carbonated peridotites and eclogites play an important role in modifying the composition of the lithospheric mantle. These mantle-derived carbonate melts are often inferred to be enriched in alkali elements; however, alkali-rich carbonate fluids have only been reported as micro-inclusions in diamonds and as unique melts involved in the formation of the Udachnaya-East kimberlite (Yakutia, Russia). In this paper we present the first direct evidence for alkali-carbonate melts in the shallow lithospheric mantle (∼110–115 km), above the diamond stability field. These alkali-carbonate melts are preserved in primary multiphase inclusions hosted by large metasomatic ilmenite grains contained in a polymict mantle xenolith from the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). The inclusions host abundant carbonates (magnesite, dolomite, and K-Na-Ca carbonates), kalsilite, phlogopite, K-Na titanates, and phosphates, with lesser amounts of olivine, chlorides, and alkali sulfates. Textural and chemical observations indicate that the alkali-carbonate melt likely derived from primary or precursor kimberlite magmas. Our findings extend the evidence for alkali-carbonate melts/fluids permeating the Earth mantle outside the diamond stability field and provide new insights into the chemical features of previously hypothesized melts. As metasomatism by alkali-rich carbonate melts is often reported to affect mantle xenoliths, and predicted from experimental studies, the fluid type documented here likely represent a major metasomatising agent in the Earth’s lithospheric mantle.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Kamenetsky, VS (Professor Vadim Kamenetsky)
Author:Goemann, K (Dr Karsten Goemann)
ID Code:80015
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:29
Deposited By:Central Science Laboratory
Deposited On:2012-10-17
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:0

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