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A frozen super-Earth orbiting a star at the bottom of the main sequence

Citation

Kubas, D and Beaulieu, JP and Bennett, DP and Cassan, A and Cole, AA and Lunine, J and Marquette, JB and Dong, S and Gould, A and Sumi, T and Batista, V and Fouque, P and Brillant, S and Dieters, S and Coutures, C and Greenhill, JG and Bond, I and Nagayama, T and Udalski, A and Pompei, E and Nurnberger, DEA and Le Bouquin, JB, A frozen super-Earth orbiting a star at the bottom of the main sequence, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 540, (April) Article A78. ISSN 0004-6361 (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 ESO

DOI: doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201015832

Abstract

Context: Microlensing is a unique method to probe low mass exoplanets beyond the snow line. However, the scientific potential of the new microlensing planet discovery is often unfulfilled due to lack of knowledge of the properties of the lens and source stars. The discovery light curve of the super Earth MOA-2007-BLG-192Lb suffers from significant degeneracies that limit what can be inferred about its physical properties.

Aims: High resolution adaptive optics images allow us to solve this problem by resolving the microlensing target from all unrelated background stars, yielding the unique determination of magnified source and lens fluxes. This estimation permits the solution of our microlens model for the mass of the planet and its host and their physical projected separation.

Methods: We observed the microlensing event MOA-2007-BLG-192 at high angular resolution in JHKs with the NACO adaptive optics system on the VLT while the object was still amplified by a factor 1.23 and then at baseline 18 months later. We analyzed and calibrated the NACO photometry in the standard 2MASS system in order to accurately constrain the source and the lens star fluxes.

Results: We detect light from the host star of MOA-2007-BLG-192Lb, which significantly reduces the uncertainties in its characteristics as compared to earlier analyses. We find that MOA-2007-BLG-192L is most likely a very low mass late type M-dwarf (0.084+0.015-0.012 M⊙) at a distance of 660+100-70 pc orbited by a 3.2+5.2-1.8 M⊕ super-Earth at 0.66+0.51-0.22 AU. We then discuss the properties of this cold planetary system.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:instrumentation: adaptive optics – stars: low-mass – planets and satellites: individual: MOA-2007-BLG-192Lb – gravitational lensing: micro
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical and Space Sciences
Research Field:Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Author:Cole, AA (Dr Andrew Cole)
Author:Dieters, S (Dr Stefan Dieters)
Author:Greenhill, JG (Dr John Greenhill)
ID Code:79935
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:24
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2012-10-15
Last Modified:2014-10-29
Downloads:0

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