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Tibet is one of the centers of domestication of cultivated barley


Dai, F and Nevo, E and Wu, D and Comadran, J and Zhou, M and Qui, L and Chen, Z and Beiles, A and Chen, G and Zang, G, Tibet is one of the centers of domestication of cultivated barley, PNAS, 109, (42) pp. 16969-16973. ISSN 0027-8424 (2012) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Natonal Academy of Sciences

DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1215265109


The Near East Fertile Crescent is well recognized as a primary center of barley origin, diversity, and domestication. A large number of wild barleys have been collected from the Tibetan Plateau, which is characterized by an extreme environment. We used genome-wide diversity array technology markers to analyze the genotypic division between wild barley from the Near East and Tibet. Our results confirmed the existence of Tibetan wild barley and suggested that the split between the wild barleys in the Near East and those in Tibet occurred around 2.76 million years ago (Mya). To test the concept of polyphyletic domestication of barley, we characterized a set of worldwide cultivated barley. Some Chinese hulless and six-rowed barleys showed a close relationship with Tibetan wild barley but showed no common ancestor with other cultivated barley. Our data support the concept of polyphyletic domestication of cultivated barley and indicate that the Tibetan Plateau and its vicinity is one of the centers of domestication of cultivated barley. The current results may be highly significant in exploring the elite germplasm for barley breeding, especially against cold and drought stresses.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Tibet, barley, adaptation, evolution, harsh environment
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Crop and pasture production
Research Field:Crop and pasture improvement (incl. selection and breeding)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Grains and seeds
Objective Field:Barley
UTAS Author:Zhou, M (Professor Meixue Zhou)
ID Code:79806
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:164
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2012-10-04
Last Modified:2013-05-14

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