Shiffman, S and Dunbar, MS and Kirchner, TR and Li, X and Tindle, HA and Anderson, SJ and Scholl, SM and Ferguson, SG, Cue reactivity in non-daily smokers: effects on craving and smoking behavior, Psychopharmacology, 226, (2) pp. 321-333. ISSN 0033-3158 (2013) [Refereed Article]
Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
Rationale: Non-daily, or intermittent smokers (ITS), are increasingly prevalent. Their smoking may be more situational than that of daily smokers (DS), and thus is hypothesized to be more influenced by cues.
Objectives: To assess ITSí response to cues, and compare it to that of DS.
Methods: Samples of 239 ITS and 207 DS (previously reported in (Shiffman et al., in press-a) were studied in 2,586 laboratory cue-reactivity sessions. Craving (Questionnaire of Smoking Urges) and smoking (probability, latency, puff parameters, and carbon monoxide increases) in response to cues was assessed following exposure to neutral cues and cues related to smoking, alcohol, negative affect, positive affect, and smoking prohibitions. Mixed effects models, GEE and random-effects survival analyses were used to assess response to cues and differences between DS and ITS.
Results: ITSí craving increased following exposure to smoking and alcohol cues and decreased following positive affect cues, but cues had little effect on smoking behaviors. Cue reactivity was similar in ITS and DS. Among ITS, craving intensity predicted smoking probability, latency, and intensity, and the effects on latency were stronger among ITS than DS.
Conclusions: Contrary to hypotheses, ITS were not more responsive to laboratory cues than DS. Results show that ITS do experience craving and craving increases that are then associated with smoking.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||smoking, non-daily smoking, craving, cue reactivity, smoking topography|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Preventive Medicine|
|Author:||Ferguson, SG (Associate Professor Stuart Ferguson)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||32|
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