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Radiation and Dissipation of Internal Waves Generated by Geostrophic Motions Impinging on Small-Scale Topography: Application to the Southern Ocean

Citation

Nikurashin, M and Ferrari, R, Radiation and Dissipation of Internal Waves Generated by Geostrophic Motions Impinging on Small-Scale Topography: Application to the Southern Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, (September) pp. 2025-2042. ISSN 0022-3670 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

© Copyright 2010 AMS

DOI: doi:10.1175/2010JPO4315.1

Abstract

Recent estimates from observations and inverse models indicate that turbulent mixing associated with internal wave breaking is enhanced above rough topography in the Southern Ocean. In most regions of the ocean, abyssal mixing has been primarily associated with radiation and breaking of internal tides. In this study, it is shown that abyssal mixing in the Southern Ocean can be sustained by internal waves generated by geostrophic motions that dominate abyssal flows in this region. Theory and fully nonlinear numerical simulations are used to estimate the internal wave radiation and dissipation from lowered acoustic Doppler current profiler (LADCP), CTD, and topography data from two regions in the Southern Ocean: Drake Passage and the southeast Pacific. The results show that radiation and dissipation of internal waves generated by geostrophic motions reproduce the magnitude and distribution of dissipation previously inferred from finescale measurements in the region, suggesting that it is one of the primary drivers of abyssal mixing in the Southern Ocean.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ocean mixing, internal waves, lee waves, eddies, rough topography
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Change Models
Author:Nikurashin, M (Dr Maxim Nikurashin)
ID Code:79716
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:60
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2012-10-01
Last Modified:2012-11-26
Downloads:0

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