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Longitudinal tracking of muscular power changes of NCAA Division I collegiate women gymnasts

Citation

French, DN and Gomez, AL and Volek, JS and Rubin, MR and Ratamess, NA and Sharman, MJ and Gotshalk, LA and Sebastianelli, WJ and Putukian, M and Newton, RU and Hakkinen, K and Fleck, SJ and Kraemer, WJ, Longitudinal tracking of muscular power changes of NCAA Division I collegiate women gymnasts, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: The Research Journal of The National Strength and Conditioning Association, 2004 Feb, (18(1)) pp. 101-7. ISSN 1064-8011 (2004) [Refereed Article]

Abstract

Gymnastics relies upon power as a critical component of sports-specific fitness. The purpose of this study was to monitor long-term training adaptations in the power of National Collegiate Athletics Association Division I women gymnasts. Twenty members of a women's gymnastic team (aged 18-22) were tracked over 3 years with the first year a baseline year of testing. Whole body power for the counter-movement (CMJ) and squat (SJ) vertical jump was obtained via force plate analyses at 2 assessment time points during each year (February and November). Results showed significant (p < or = 0.05) and continued increases in peak power output in the CMJ and SJ at each biannual assessment. Improvements of 46% (+1010 W) for the CMJ and 43% (+900 W) for the SJ were observed at the end of the tracking period. Peak power for the CMJ and SJ were recorded at 3210 W (+/-350 W) and 3000 W (+/-152 W), respectively. Associated improvements in the time to peak power of 36% (-0.239 second) and 38% (-0.151 second) were also found for the CMJ and SJ. There were no significant changes in body mass or total skinfold thickness, however, a shift toward improved fat free mass (i.e., lean muscle mass) was apparent. These data underscore the importance that specificity, and more importantly power development, should play in the conditioning of collegiate women gymnasts' training programs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Human Movement and Sports Science
Research Field:Exercise Physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified
Author:Sharman, MJ (Dr Matt Sharman)
ID Code:79073
Year Published:2004
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2012-08-15
Last Modified:2012-08-15
Downloads:0

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