Profiling brain and plasma lipids in human APOE epsilon2, epsilon3, and epsilon4 knock-in mice using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
Sharman, MJ and Shui, G and Fernandis, AZ and Lim, WLF and Berger, T and Hone, E and Taddei, K and Martins, IJ and Ghiso, J and Bauxbaum, JD and Gandy, S and Wenk, M and Martins, RN, Profiling brain and plasma lipids in human APOE epsilon2, epsilon3, and epsilon4 knock-in mice using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, Journal of Alzheimer'S Disease, 2010, (20(1)) pp. 105-11. ISSN 1387-2877 (2010) [Refereed Article]
It is known that apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is essential for normal lipid metabolism. ApoE is the major apolipoprotein in the central nervous system and plays a key role in neurobiology by mediating the transport of cholesterol, phospholipids, and sulfatides. We therefore examined APOE epsilon2, epsilon3, and epsilon4 knock-in mice, using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry to determine if APOE genotype or age leads to altered levels in the brain of a number of glycerophospholipids (phosphatidylinositol, PI; phosphatidylethanolamine, PE; phosphatidic acid, PA, phosphatidylserine, PS; phosphatidylcholine, PC), sphingolipids (sphingomyelin, SM; ceramide, Cer), cholesterol, and triacylglycerols. We observed slight changes within individual PI, PE, PC, Cer, and SM lipid levels in APOE epsilon2 and epsilon4 mice compared to APOE epsilon3 mice. However, overall, we did not observe any major effects in APOE epsilon4 knock-in mice for the levels of the glycerophospholipids measured, as compared to APOE epsilon2 and epsilon3 mice. Our findings indicate that variations in ApoE isoforms do not per se affect bulk lipid homeostasis in the brain. These findings indicate that APOE epsilon4 is not associated with disturbances in brain sterol or sphingolipids in the absence of environmental factors.