Juhola, J and Oikonen, M and Magnussen, CG and Mikkila, V and Siitonen, N and Jokinen, E and Laitinen, T and Wurtz, P and Gidding, SS and Taittonen, L and Seppala, I and Jula, A and Kahonen, M and Hutri-Kahonen, N and Lehtimaki, T and Viikari, JSA and Juonala, M and Raitakari, OT, Childhood physical, environmental, and genetic predictors of Adult Hypertension: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, Circulation, 126, (4) pp. 402-409. ISSN 0009-7322 (2012) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.
Background: Hypertension is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. The present longitudinal study aimed to examine the best combination of childhood physical and environmental factors to predict adult hypertension and furthermore whether newly identified genetic variants for blood pressure increase the prediction of adult hypertension.
Methods and Results: The study cohort included 2625 individuals from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study who were followed up for 21 to 27 years since baseline (1980; age, 3–18 years). In addition to dietary factors and biomarkers related to blood pressure, we examined whether a genetic risk score based on 29 newly identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms enhances the prediction of adult hypertension. Hypertension in adulthood was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mm Hg or medication for the condition. Independent childhood risk factors for adult hypertension included the individual's own blood pressure (P < 0.0001), parental hypertension (P < 0.0001), childhood overweight/obesity (P = 0.005), low parental occupational status (P = 0.003), and high genetic risk score (P < 0.0001). Risk assessment based on childhood overweight/obesity status, parental hypertension, and parental occupational status was superior in predicting hypertension compared with the approach using only data on childhood blood pressure levels (C statistics, 0.718 versus 0.733; P = 0.0007). Inclusion of both parental hypertension history and data on novel genetic variants for hypertension further improved the C statistics (0.742; P = 0.015).
Conclusions: Prediction of adult hypertension was enhanced by taking into account known physical and environmental childhood risk factors, family history of hypertension, and novel genetic variants. A multifactorial approach may be useful in identifying children at high risk for adult hypertension.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||blood pressure, family, genetics, hypertension, risk assessment|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Field:||Epidemiology not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||81|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
Repository Staff Only: item control page