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Direct observations of diel biological CO2 fixation on the Scotian Shelf, northwestern Atlantic Ocean

Citation

Thomas, H and Craig, SE and Greenan, BJW and Burt, W and Herndl, GJ and Higginson, S and Salt, L and Shadwick, EH and Urrego-Blanco, J, Direct observations of diel biological CO2 fixation on the Scotian Shelf, northwestern Atlantic Ocean, Biogeosciences, 9, (6) pp. 2301-2309. ISSN 1726-4170 (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.5194/bg-9-2301-2012

Abstract

Much of the variability in the surface oceanís carbon cycle can be attributed to the availability of sunlight, triggering surface heat flux and photosynthesis, which in turn regulate the biogeochemical cycling of carbon over a wide range of time scales. The critical processes of this carbon cycle regulation, occurring at time scales of a day or less, however, have undergone few investigations, most of which have been limited to time spans of several days to months. Optical methods have helped to infer short-term biological variability, but complementing investigations of the oceanic CO2 system are lacking. We employ high-frequency CO2 and optical observations covering the full seasonal cycle on the Scotian Shelf, northwestern Atlantic Ocean, in order to unravel diel periodicity of the surface ocean carbon cycle and its effects on annual budgets. Significant diel periodicity in the surface CO2 system occurs only if the water column is sufficiently stable as observed during seasonal warming. During that time biological CO2 drawdown, or net community production (NCP), is delayed for several hours relative to the onset of photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), due to diel cycles in chlorophyll a concentration and to grazing. In summer, NCP decreases by more than 90 %, coinciding with the seasonal minimum of the mixed layer depth and resulting in the disappearance of the diel CO2 periodicity in the surface waters.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:CO2, diel cycles, coastal ocean
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
Author:Shadwick, EH (Dr Elizabeth Shadwick)
ID Code:78643
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2012-07-13
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:284 View Download Statistics

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