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The methodological identity of shadowing in social science research

Citation

Bartkowiak-Theron, Isabelle and Sappey, J, The methodological identity of shadowing in social science research, Qualitative Research Journal, 12, (1) pp. 7-16. ISSN 1448-0980 (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited

DOI: doi:10.1108/14439881211222697

Abstract

Purpose The research technique of shadowing is the most in-depth type of systematic, direct observation in situ of behaviours within a particular organisational or social setting, and yet, it crucially lacks documentation and critical analysis. The origins of the under-documenting, coupled with the mutation of the scientific method of shadowing through its adoption by many industries as a means of on-the-job training, have led to a misunderstanding of shadowing as a scientific technique. This is problematic at several levels for academics deeply involved in qualitative methodology. The purpose of this paper is to address, in part, this gap in the literature. Design/methodology/approach By defining shadowing, considering the reasons why shadowing has had little critique from social science scholars and then exploring the problems of it as a research technique, particularly within the current context of ethics regimes, the authors wish to proactively help to avoid unintentional yet delicate fieldwork situations, in which misunderstanding may happen due to the lay use of "shadowing" as a passive (non-obtrusive) observation. Findings The authors argue that the research practice of shadowing implies specific systematic techniques and extensive self-discipline by the researcher. It also caters for a need in data collection that oversteps traditional observation-and-interviewing techniques, by adding a new hermeneutical layer to the information gathered. It becomes an essential tool in the evaluation of public policy initiatives and programmes and in the understanding of not only the mechanics, but of the motivations behind actions and behaviours. Originality/value This paper addresses part of a gap in the literature and paves the way for more critical analysis of the dynamics that emerge during the shadowing of a research participant. Keywords Qualitative research, Criminology, Human resource management, Policing, Shadowing, Qualitative methods Paper type Research paper

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Qualitative research, Criminology, Human resource management, Policing, Shadowing
Research Division:Studies in Human Society
Research Group:Other Studies in Human Society
Research Field:Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:Other Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Field:Law, Politics and Community Services not elsewhere classified
Author:Bartkowiak-Theron, Isabelle (Dr Isabelle Bartkowiak-Theron)
ID Code:78482
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:Government
Deposited On:2012-07-03
Last Modified:2013-05-16
Downloads:37 View Download Statistics

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