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High- resolution East Antarctic landfast sea-ice extent and variability from 2000 to 2008

Citation

Fraser, Alexander Donald and Massom, RA and Michael, KJ and Heil, P and Lieser, JL, High- resolution East Antarctic landfast sea-ice extent and variability from 2000 to 2008, International Glaciological Society symposium Sea Ice in the Physical and Biogeochemical System 2010, 31 May - 4 June 2010, Tromso, Norway, pp. 57A008. (2010) [Conference Extract]


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Abstract

This work presents the first time series of high spatio-temporal resolution (2 km, 20 day) maps of East Antarctic landfast sea ice (10 W to 172 E), as well as a detailed study of the interannual variability of fast ice, from 2000 to 2008. Fast-ice maps are generated from cloud-free MODIS composite imagery, augmented by AMSR-E ASI sea-ice concentration composite images when necessary. Several key fast-ice-related parameters have been retrieved in this area for the first time, including: the ratio of winter maximum extent to summer minimum (~3.1:1); the timing of maximum (DOY 261280) and minimum (DOY 6180) extent; and the shape of the annual cycle (a broad maximum, with a much more pronounced minimum). A small but significant (at the 99% level) positive trend in fast-ice area/extent was identified from the fast-ice extent time series, though the 9 year length of the time series provided is likely too short to provide a true indication of longer-term variability. This is compared with the large-scale behaviour of the pack ice in this region over this time period. The location of annually recurring fast-ice features was found to be closely related to the distribution of grounded icebergs, both large (with fast ice often forming on the eastern side due to dynamic advection) and small (with fast ice forming between groups of small, subpixel-scale icebergs). Wind speed and direction were investigated as important factors in local fast-ice growth/breakout events.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:sea ice, East-Antarctica
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
Research Field:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Fraser, Alexander Donald (Dr Alex Fraser)
Author:Massom, RA (Dr Robert Massom)
Author:Michael, KJ (Dr Kelvin Michael)
Author:Heil, P (Dr Petra Heil)
Author:Lieser, JL (Dr Jan Lieser)
ID Code:78095
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2012-06-14
Last Modified:2012-06-14
Downloads:0

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