Stannus, OP and Jones, G and Blizzard, L and Cicuttini, FM and Ding, C, Associations between serum levels of inflammatory markers and change in knee pain over 5 years in older adults: a prospective cohort study, Annals of The Rheumatic Diseases, 72, (4) pp. 535-540. ISSN 1468-2060 (2012) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2012 BMJ Publishing Group
Objective: To determine the association between inflammatory markers and change in knee pain over 5 years.
Methods: A total of 149 randomly selected subjects (mean 63 years, range 52-78; 46% female) was studied. Serum levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured at baseline and 2.7 years later. Knee pain was recorded using the Western Ontario and McMasters osteoarthritis index questionnaire at baseline and 5 years later. Knee radiographic osteoarthritis of both knees was assessed at baseline, and knee bone marrow lesions, joint effusion and cartilage defects were determined using T1 or T2-weighted fat saturated MRI.
Results: After adjustment for confounding variables, baseline hs-CRP was positively associated with change in total knee pain (β=0.33 per mg/l, p=0.032), as well as change in the pain at night in bed (β=0.12 per ml/pg, p=0.010) and while sitting/lying (β=0.12 per ml/pg, p=0.002). Change in hs-CRP was also associated with change in knee pain at night and when sitting/lying (both p<0.05). Baseline TNFα and IL-6 were associated with change in pain while standing (β=0.06 per ml/pg, p=0.033; β=0.16 per ml/pg, p=0.035, respectively), and change in TNFα was positively associated with change in total knee pain (β=0.66 ml/pg, p=0.020) and change in pain while standing (β=0.26 ml/pg, p=0.002). Adjustment for radiographic osteoarthritis or MRI-detected structural abnormalities led to no or minor attenuation of these associations.
Conclusion: Systemic inflammation is an independent predictor of worsening knee pain over 5 years.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||inflammatory markers, knee pain, osteoarthritis, joint effusion, cartilage defects, C-reactive protein, CRP, tumour necrosis factor alpha, TNF, interleukin-6, IL6|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Rheumatology and Arthritis|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)|
|Author:||Stannus, OP (Mr Oliver Stannus)|
|Author:||Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)|
|Author:||Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)|
|Author:||Ding, C (Professor Chang-Hai Ding)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||78|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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