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Relationship between obesity and foot pain and its association with fat mass, fat distribution, and muscle mass


Tanamas, SK and Wluka, AE and Berry, P and Menz, HB and Strauss, BJ and Davies-Tuck, M and Proietto, J and Dixon, JB and Jones, G and Cicuttini, FM, Relationship between obesity and foot pain and its association with fat mass, fat distribution, and muscle mass, Arthritis Care & Research, 64, (2) pp. 262-268. ISSN 2151-464X (2012) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2012 American College of Rheumatology

DOI: doi:10.1002/acr.20663


Objective: To examine the relationship between obesity, body composition, and foot pain as assessed by the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index (MFPDI).

Methods: Subjects 2562 years of age (n=136) were recruited as part of a study examining the relationship between obesity and musculoskeletal health. Foot pain was defined as current foot pain and pain in the last month, and an MFPDI score of ≥ 1. Body composition (tissue mass and fat distribution) was measured using dual x-ray absorptiometry.

Results: The body mass index (BMI) in this population was normally distributed around a mean of 32.1 kg/m2. The prevalence of foot pain was 55.1%. There was a positive association between BMI and foot pain (odds ratio [OR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.061.17). Foot pain was also positively associated with fat mass (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.021.09) and fat mass index (FMI; OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.061.28) when adjusted for age, sex, and skeletal muscle mass and age, sex, and fat-free mass index (FFMI), respectively. When examining fat distribution, positive associations were observed for android/total body fat ratio (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.111.83) and android/gynoid fat ratio (OR 35.15, 95% CI 2.60475.47), although gynoid/total body fat ratio was inversely related to foot pain (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.730.93). Skeletal muscle mass and FFMI were not associated with foot pain when adjusted for fat mass or FMI, respectively.

Conclusion: Increasing BMI, specifically android fat mass, is strongly associated with foot pain and disability. This may imply both biomechanical and metabolic mechanisms.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Rheumatology and arthritis
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
ID Code:77973
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:62
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2012-06-07
Last Modified:2017-11-02

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