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Context factors in health behviour change: Cognition-environment interactions in predicting physical activity

Citation

Schuez, BEC and Wurm, S and Warner, LM and Ziegelmann, JP and Schwarzwer, R and Tesch-Romer, C and Wolf, J, Context factors in health behviour change: Cognition-environment interactions in predicting physical activity, Psychology & Health: Supplement 2, 20-24 September 2011, Hersonissos, Greece, pp. 56. ISSN 0887-0446 (2011) [Conference Extract]

Abstract

Background: Social-cognitive theories assume a role of context factors for health behaviour. However, this relation is often weakly specified and rarely examined. The two studies presented here test whether properties of the meso-context (districts) affect if and how healthrelated cognitions are translated into physical activity.

Methods: Study 1 (survey, N = 6200), Study 2 (older adults, N = 300). Both assessed physical activity and health-related cognitions. Context factors (GDP at district level) were examined in multilevel models for cross-level interactions.

Findings: GDP affected intercepts and slopes of attitudes in predicting physical activity (β = 0.08, Study 1). GDP also affected intercepts and slopes of intention (β = 0.06) and planning (βs = 0.11 and 0.07) in predicting activity in Study 2.

Discussion: These findings suggest that apart from individual-level factors such as attitudes, intentions or planning, the opportunity structure of the environment may play an important role in determining whether health-related cognitions can be translated into actual health behaviour.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:context, health behaviour
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
Author:Schuez, BEC (Dr Benjamin Schuez)
ID Code:77956
Year Published:2011
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2012-06-05
Last Modified:2013-01-11
Downloads:0

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