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Impact of defoliation in temperate eucalypt plantations: Physiological perspectives and management implications

Citation

Eyles, A and Barry, KM and Quentin, A and Pinkard, EA, Impact of defoliation in temperate eucalypt plantations: Physiological perspectives and management implications, Forest Ecology and Management, 304 pp. 49-64. ISSN 0378-1127 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2013.04.033

Abstract

The loss of live foliage to browsing mammals, insects and foliar pathogens can reduce plantation productivity. It remains difficult to define damage thresholds that trigger lost productivity because tree responses to defoliation are influenced by abiotic stresses, such as nutrient or water limitation, as well as the frequency, severity, seasonality and pattern of defoliation by these biotic agents. This review provides a detailed synthesis of the key physiological mechanisms underpinning defoliation-related growth responses in temperate eucalypts. It illustrates how this understanding can assist in developing decision tools to quantify rotation-length pest impacts across a range of growing conditions and identifies management strategies that may promote recovery from defoliation and minimise impact. We examine host and pest interactions that influence growth responses, host defence mechanisms that reduce susceptibility, leaf-level and whole-tree physiological processes associated with recovery, and the interactive effects of defoliation and environment. We conclude by highlighting the knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to build capacity to predict and model the impacts of defoliation on productivity, especially under new environments associated with climate change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pest, recovery, sustainable production, abiotic stess, host defences
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Forestry Sciences
Research Field:Forestry Pests, Health and Diseases
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Hardwood Plantations
Author:Eyles, A (Dr Alieta Eyles)
Author:Barry, KM (Dr Karen Barry)
Author:Quentin, A (Dr Audrey Quentin)
Author:Pinkard, EA (Dr Elizabeth Pinkard)
ID Code:77875
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2012-06-02
Last Modified:2017-11-09
Downloads:0

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