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Global patterns of stream detritivore distribution: implications for biodiversity loss in changing climates

Citation

Boyero, L and Pearson, RG and Dudgeon, D and Ferreira, V and Graca, MAS and Gessner, MO and Boulton, AJ and Chauvet, E and Yule, CM and Albarino, RJ and Ramirez, A and Helson, JE and Callisto, M and Arunachalam, M and Chara, J and Figueroa, R and Mathooko, JM and Goncalves Jr, JF and Moretti, MS and Chara-Serna, AM and Davies, JN and Encalada, A and Lamothe, S and Buria, LM and Castela, J and Cornejo, A and Li, AOY and M'Erimba, C and Villanueva, VD and Del Carmen Zuniga, M and Swan, CM and Barmuta, LA, Global patterns of stream detritivore distribution: implications for biodiversity loss in changing climates, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21, (2) pp. 134-141. ISSN 1466-822X (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00673.x

Abstract

Aim We tested the hypothesis that shredder detritivores, a key trophic guild in stream ecosystems, are more diverse at higher latitudes, which has important ecological implications in the face of potential biodiversity losses that are expected as a result of climate change. We also explored the dependence of local shredder diversity on the regional species pool across latitudes, and examined the influence of environ- mental factors on shredder diversity. Location World-wide (156 sites from 17 regions located in all inhabited continents at latitudes ranging from 67 N to 41 S). Methods We used linear regression to examine the latitudinal variation in shredder diversity at different spatial scales: alpha (a), gamma (g) and beta (b) diversity. We also explored the effect of g-diversity on a-diversity across latitudes with regression analysis, and the possible influence of local environmental factors on shredder diversity with simple correlations. Results Alpha diversity increased with latitude, while g- and b-diversity showed no clear latitudinal pattern. Temperate sites showed a linear relationship between g- and a-diversity; in contrast, tropical sites showed evidence of local species saturation, which may explain why the latitudinal gradient in a-diversity is not accompanied by a gradient in g-diversity. Alpha diversity was related to several local habitat characteristics, but g- and b-diversity were not related to any of the environmental factors measured. Main conclusions Our results indicate that global patterns of shredder diversity are complex and depend on spatial scale. However, we can draw several conclusions that have important ecological implications. Alpha diversity is limited at tropical sites by local factors, implying a higher risk of loss of key species or the whole shredder guild (the latter implying the loss of trophic diversity). Even if regional species pools are not particularly species poor in the tropics, colonization from adjacent sites may be limited. Moreover, many shredder species belong to cool-adapted taxa that may be close to their thermal maxima in the tropics, which makes them more vulnerable to climate warming. Our results suggest that tropical streams require specific scientific attention and conservation efforts to prevent loss of shredder biodiversity and serious alteration of ecosystem processes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Detritus; diversity; guild; latitudinal gradient; leaf litter; shredders; species richness; stream ecosystems; trophic diversity
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Freshwater Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Barmuta, LA (Associate Professor Leon Barmuta)
ID Code:77768
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:42
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2012-05-25
Last Modified:2013-04-16
Downloads:0

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