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Two-step stacking in capillary zone electrophoresis featuring sweeping and micelle to solvent stacking: II. Organic anions

Citation

Quirino, JP and Guidote Jr, AM, Two-step stacking in capillary zone electrophoresis featuring sweeping and micelle to solvent stacking: II. Organic anions, Journal of Chromatography A, 1218, (7) pp. 1004-1010. ISSN 0021-9673 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2010.12.095

Abstract

Two-step stacking of organic anions by sweeping and micelle to solvent stacking (MSS) using cationic cetyltrimethylammonium micelles in co-electroosmotic flow (co-EOF) capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) is described. The co-EOF condition where the direction of the EOF is the same as the test anions was satisfied by positive dynamic coating of a fused silica capillary with hexadimethrine bromide. The strategy was as follows. After conditioning the capillary with the background solution (BGS), a micellar solution (MS) was injected before the sample solution (S). The BGS, MS and S have similar conductivities. Voltage was applied at negative polarity. The analytes in the micelle-free S zone were swept by micelles from the MS. The swept analytes were brought by the micelles to the MSS boundary where the second stacking step was induced by the presence of organic solvent in the BGS. Finally was the separation of concentrated analytes by CZE. The effect of electrolyte concentration in the S, injection time of the MS and the S and surfactant concentration in the MS were studied. A 2029, 1733 and 1821 times increase in peak height sensitivity was obtained for the test hypolipidaemic drugs (gemfibrozil, fluvastatin and atorvastatin), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (diflunisal, naproxen, ketoprofen, indoprofen and indomethacin), and herbicides (mecoprop and fenoprop), respectively. The LODs (S/N = 3) were from 0.05 to 0.55g/mL. The intraday and interday repeatabilities (%RSD, n = 12) in terms of retention time, corrected peak area, and peak heights was less than 3.6, 8.9, and 10.8%, respectively. The application of sweeping and MSS in co-EOF CZE together with a simple extraction procedure to a waste water sample spiked with the test herbicides was also demonstrated.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Capillary zone electrophoresis; On-line sample concentration; Sweeping; Micelle to solvent stacking; Herbicides; Hypolipidaemic drugs; Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical Chemistry
Research Field:Separation Science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:Quirino, JP (Associate Professor Lito Quirino)
Author:Guidote Jr, AM (Dr Armando Guidote Jr)
ID Code:76822
Year Published:2011
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT100100213)
Web of Science® Times Cited:33
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2012-03-14
Last Modified:2017-10-31
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