Raymond, B and Marshall, M and Nevitt, G and Gillies, CL and van den Hoff, J and Stark, JS and Losekoot, M and Woehler, EJ and Constable, AJ, A Southern Ocean dietary database, Ecology, 92, (5) pp. 1188. ISSN 0012-9658 (2011) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]
Knowledge of the trophic functioning of Southern Ocean ecosystems is critical to
their understanding and management. Marine ecosystem models, often used to explore the
potential impacts of human disturbance and climate change, and for ﬁsheries stock assessments,
generally rely on suitable data to underpin the parameterization of taxon attributes and diets.
Diet-related data from published and unpublished data sets and studies were collated into a
single consistent data set, circum-Antarctic in scope, with two principal tables. The ﬁrst table
relates to direct sampling methods of dietary assessment, including gut, scat, and bolus content
analyses, stomach ﬂushing, and observed feeding. It currently comprises ;25 000 records from
300 studies and includes information on .1000 taxa. The second table is a compilation of stable
isotope values (currently 1500 records from 20 studies, covering 200 taxa). Each record in these
two tables includes details such as the location and date of sampling, predator size and mass,
prey size and mass, and estimates of dietary importance.
We envisage that these data will be of interest to research groups specializing in Antarctic and
Southern Ocean studies, as well as those interested in general marine trophic ecology and food