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Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with severe H1N1/09 pandemic influenza in Australia and New Zealand: an observational cohort study

Citation

Cheng, AC and Kotsimbos, T and Reynolds, A and Bowler, SD and Brown, SGA and Hancox, RJ and Holmes, M and Irving, L and Jenkins, C and Thompson, P and Simpson, G and Waterer, G and Wood-Baker, R and Kelly, PM, Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with severe H1N1/09 pandemic influenza in Australia and New Zealand: an observational cohort study, BMJ Open, 1 Article e000100. ISSN 2044-6055 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright © 2011 BMJ Publishing

DOI: doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000100

Abstract

Background: Pandemic influenza H1N1/09 emerged in April 2009 and spread widely in Australia and New Zealand. Although an unprecedented number of cases required intensive care, comparative community-based studies with seasonal influenza strains have not shown any significant differences in clinical symptoms or severity. Methods: The authors performed active surveillance on confirmed influenza-related admissions and compared the clinical profile of patients with pandemic H1N1/09 influenza and patients with seasonal influenza at eight hospitals in Australia and one hospital in New Zealand. Results: During the 1 July and 30 November 2009, 560 patients with confirmed influenza were admitted, of which 478 had H1N1/09, and 82 had other seasonal strains. Patients with H1N1/09 influenza were younger, were more likely to have fever and were more likely to be pregnant but less likely to have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ischaemic heart disease than patients with seasonal strains. Other clinical features and comorbidities were reported in similar proportions. Admission to intensive care was required in 22% of patients with H1N1/09 influenza and 12% in patients with other strains. Hospital mortality was 5% in patients with H1N1 influenza. Conclusions: The clinical features of H1N1/09 influenza and seasonal strains were similar in hospitalised patients. A higher proportion of patients had comorbidities than had been reported in community-based studies. Although the overall mortality was similar, the authors found evidence that H1N1/09 caused severe disease in a higher proportion of hospitalised patients.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Respiratory Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
Author:Wood-Baker, R (Professor Richard Wood-Baker)
ID Code:76289
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2012-03-03
Last Modified:2017-10-06
Downloads:0

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