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The epidemiology of sarcopenia in community living older adults: what role does lifestyle play?

Citation

Scott, D and Blizzard, L and Fell, J and Jones, G, The epidemiology of sarcopenia in community living older adults: what role does lifestyle play?, Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 2, (3) pp. 125-134. ISSN 2190-5991 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

DOI: doi:10.1007/s13539-011-0036-4

Abstract

Background Sarcopenia, the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function, is a relatively poorly understood process which may play an important role in the incidence of physical disability and falls in older adults. Evidence demonstrates that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to increased susceptibility for sarcopenia development, yet some of these factors may represent unavoidable consequences of ageing. Methods A review of literature, generally from epidemiological research, was performed to examine the influence that potentially modifiable lifestyle factors (general physical activity, dietary nutrient intake and sun exposure), as well as chronic disease and medication use, may have on sarcopenia progression. Results The review demonstrated that while physical activity, nutrient intake and sun exposure often decline during ageing, each may have important but differing benefits for the prevention of muscle mass and functional declines in older adults. Conversely, age-related increases in the prevalence of chronic diseases and the subsequent prescription of pharmacotherapy may exacerbate sarcopenia progression. Conclusions The prevalence of poor physical activity, diet and sun exposure, as well as chronic disease and medication use, within older adult populations may be modifiable through simple lifestyle and health care interventions. As such, these factors may represent the most effective targets for sarcopenia prevention during the ageing process.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Sarcopenia; Epidemiology; Physical activity; Diet; Vitamin D; Chronic disease
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Rheumatology and Arthritis
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
Author:Blizzard, L (Associate Professor Leigh Blizzard)
Author:Fell, J (Associate Professor James Fell)
Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
ID Code:76249
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2012-03-02
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:457 View Download Statistics

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