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Phenomenological reports diagnose accuracy of eyewitness identification decisions

Citation

Palmer, MA and Brewer, N, Phenomenological reports diagnose accuracy of eyewitness identification decisions, Acta Psychologica: International Journal of Psychonomics, 133 pp. 137-145. ISSN 0001-6918 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.11.002

Abstract

This study investigated whether measuring the phenomenology of eyewitness identification decisions aids evaluation of their accuracy. Witnesses (N = 502) viewed a simulated crime and attempted to identify two targets from lineups. A divided attention manipulation during encoding reduced the rate of remember (R) correct identifications, but not the rates of R foil identifications or know (K) judgments in the absence of recollection (i.e., K/[1  R]). Both RK judgments and recollection ratings (a novel measure of graded recollection) distinguished correct from incorrect positive identifications. However, only recollection ratings improved accuracy evaluation after identification confidence was taken into account. These results provide evidence that RK judgments for identification decisions function in a similar way as for recognition decisions; are consistent with the notion of graded recollection; and indicate that measures of phenomenology can enhance the evaluation of identification accuracy.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Eyewitness memory, Eyewitness identification, Recollection and familiarity
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Forensic Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Palmer, MA (Dr Matt Palmer)
ID Code:76001
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2012-02-22
Last Modified:2014-12-18
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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