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Eyewitness identification tests

Citation

Brewer, N and Palmer, MA, Eyewitness identification tests, Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15 pp. 77-96. ISSN 1355-3259 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 The British Psychological Society

DOI: doi:10.1348/135532509X414765

Abstract

When investigating crimes police frequently use eyewitness identification tests such as lineups in an attempt to establish the culprit's identity. It is now well documented that witnesses commonly make mistakes, sometimes identifying innocent suspects or failing to identify the culprit. Lineup administrators also make mistakes in the sense that they use procedures that increase the likelihood of eyewitness error. Eyewitness memory research has provided a basis for many useful guidelines regarding the conduct of identification tests. Here, we review the relevant research underpinning effective procedures for lineup construction, lineup presentation, recording the witness's decision, and providing feedback to the witness. The systematic implementation of these guidelines is likely to reduce significantly the extent of eyewitness errors at the identification test and improve the probative value of courtroom testimony about identity. However, further significant advances may well require the development of novel procedures for accessing witnesses' memories.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Eyewitness memory
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Forensic Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Palmer, MA (Dr Matt Palmer)
ID Code:76000
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2012-02-22
Last Modified:2012-06-22
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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