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The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model version 1.0 - Part 1: Description and evaluation


Phipps, SJ and Rotstayn, LD and Gordon, HB and Roberts, JL and Hirst, AC and Budd, WF, The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model version 1.0 - Part 1: Description and evaluation, Geoscientific Model Development, 4, (2) pp. 483-509. ISSN 1991-959X (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.5194/gmd-4-483-2011


The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model is a coupled general circulation model, designed primarily for millennial-scale climate simulations and palaeoclimate research. Mk3L includes components which describe the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice and land surface, and combines computational efficiency with a stable and realistic control climatology. This paper describes the model physics and software, analyses the control climatology, and evaluates the ability of the model to simulate the modern climate. Mk3L incorporates a spectral atmospheric general circulation model, a z-coordinate ocean general circulation model, a dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model and a land surface scheme with static vegetation. The source code is highly portable, and has no dependence upon proprietary software. The model distribution is freely available to the research community. A 1000-yr climate simulation can be completed in around one-and-a-half months on a typical desktop computer, with greater throughput being possible on high-performance computing facilities. Mk3L produces realistic simulations of the larger-scale features of the modern climate, although with some biases on the regional scale. The model also produces reasonable representations of the leading modes of internal climate variability in both the tropics and extratropics. The control state of the model exhibits a high degree of stability, with only a weak cooling trend on millennial timescales. Ongoing development work aims to improve the model climatology and transform Mk3L into a comprehensive earth system model.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate modelling
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering
Research Field:Geophysical and environmental fluid flows
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Phipps, SJ (Dr Steven Phipps)
UTAS Author:Roberts, JL (Dr Jason Roberts)
UTAS Author:Budd, WF (Professor William Budd)
ID Code:75886
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:88
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2012-02-20
Last Modified:2012-08-06
Downloads:566 View Download Statistics

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