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Ophthalmic Phenotypes and Representativeness of Twin Data for the General Population


Sanfilippo, PG and Medland, SE and Hewitt, AW and Kearns, LS and Ruddle, JB and Sun, C and Hammond, CJ and Young, TL and Martin, NG and Mackey, DA, Ophthalmic Phenotypes and Representativeness of Twin Data for the General Population, Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Iovs), 52, (8) pp. 5565-5572. ISSN 0146-0404 (2011) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1167/iovs.11-7258


PURPOSE. To compare the distributional parameters for a series of ocular biometric traits between twins and their singleton siblings, to evaluate the generalizability of twin data, as used in heritability analyses to the general population. METHODS. A series of birth, anthropometric, and 13 ocular biometric traits were selected for analysis: interpupillary distance (IPD), visual acuity (logMAR), spherical equivalent refractive error, corneal curvature, axial length, anterior chamber depth (ACD), central corneal thickness (CCT), intraocular pressure (IOP), optic disc, cup and rim areas, and measures of retinal vessel caliber; central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), and central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE). Structural equation modeling was used to test the assumption that the means and variances for each trait did not differ between twins and their siblings. RESULTS. Significant differences in log-likelihood for birth weight and gestational age were observed between twins and siblings, with the latter being both heavier and closer to fullterm at birth. Siblings were also found to have larger IPD and axial length, and better visual acuity compared with their twin counterparts. Refractive error, corneal curvature, ACD, CCT, optic disc parameters, and retinal vascular calibers did not differ significantly between the two groups.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Ophthalmology and optometry
Research Field:Ophthalmology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hewitt, AW (Professor Alex Hewitt)
UTAS Author:Mackey, DA (Professor David Mackey)
ID Code:75758
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2012-02-15
Last Modified:2017-09-06

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