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Physico-ecobiogeochemistry of East Antarctic pack ice during the winter-spring transition

Citation

Meiners, KM and Norman, L and Granskog, MA and Krell, A and Heil, P and Thomas, DN, Physico-ecobiogeochemistry of East Antarctic pack ice during the winter-spring transition, Deep-Sea Research. Part 2: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58, (9-10) pp. 1172-1181. ISSN 0967-0645 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.033

Abstract

Our study provides information on the relationships between physical, chemical, and biological properties of East Antarctic sea ice sampled as part of the Sea Ice Physics and Ecosystem eXperiment(SIPEX) during the winter-spring transition in 2007. The sampled sea ice showed a high contribution of granular ice, indicating the turbulent conditions during sea ice formation off East Antarctica. The sea ice was cold, with brine volumes often below or very close to the theoretical percolation threshold of sea ice. Dissolved inorganic nutrient concentrations showed both positive and negative deviations from theoretical dilution lines, indicating both nutrient uptake as well as nutrient remineralisation in sea ice brines. Cold temperatures, high brine salinities, and low brine volumes limited high ice algal biomass to the warmer and more porous sea ice layers at the ice–water interface. We hypothesise that East Antarctic sea ice shows generally low ice algal biomass accumulation due to a combination of relatively low snow–loading, relatively cold ice temperatures, and short persistence of sea ice into the warm forcing regime, all of which prevent the development of significant internal and surface communities.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctica, sea ice, ice algae, nutrients
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Meiners, KM (Dr Klaus Meiners)
Author:Heil, P (Dr Petra Heil)
ID Code:75536
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2012-02-02
Last Modified:2012-05-14
Downloads:0

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