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Regional nerve blockade prior to direct injection to achieve anaesthesia of the nasal ala

Citation

Mortimer, NJ and Hussain, W and Sladden, MJ and Salmon, PJ, Regional nerve blockade prior to direct injection to achieve anaesthesia of the nasal ala, British Journal of Dermatology, 162, (4) pp. 819-821. ISSN 1365-2133 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.09674.x

Abstract

Background Dermatological surgical procedures involving the nasal alae are commonplace in clinical practice. Direct infiltration of local anaesthetic into the nasal ala is extremely uncomfortable. Objectives In this prospective clinical study, we investigate the effectiveness of alar anaesthesia provided by an infraorbital nerve block (IOB). Methods We recruited 100 consecutive patients requiring dermatological surgical procedures involving the nasal ala (or other sites necessitating an IOB). Following topical mucosal anaesthesia, an IOB was administered via the intraoral route. Effectiveness of anaesthesia was assessed after 10 min by testing the perception of a sharp stimulus at five standardized reference points on the nasal ala. If the ala was not completely anaesthetized, blockade of the external nasal branch of the anterior ethmoidal nerve (external nerve block, ENB) was performed. Sensation of the nasal ala was re-assessed after 10 min using the above method. Results Complete anaesthesia of the nasal ala was achieved with an IOB in 66 of 100 (66%) patients. Of the remaining 34 patients, the addition of an ENB achieved complete anaesthesia in 15 (44%). Conclusions An IOB provides effective alar anaesthesia in the majority of patients. In those where it is ineffective for complete anaesthesia, an ENB is a useful adjunct. We recommend using an IOB (and ENB if required) prior to direct infiltration of local anaesthetic into the nasal ala to reduce patient discomfort. © 2010 British Association of Dermatologists.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ala; alar; anaesthesia; dermatological surgery; nerve block
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Surgery
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Surgical Methods and Procedures
Author:Sladden, MJ (Dr Mike Sladden)
ID Code:75308
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2012-01-23
Last Modified:2012-01-23
Downloads:0

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