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The relationship between basal and squamous cell skin cancer and smoking related cancers

Citation

Sitas, F and Yu, XQ and O'Connell, DL and Blizzard, L and Otahal, P and Newman, L and Venn, A, The relationship between basal and squamous cell skin cancer and smoking related cancers, BMC Research Notes, 4 EJ ISSN 1756-0500 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

DOI: doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-556

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We compared the risk of being diagnosed with smoking-related cancers (lung, oral cavity, upper digestive and respiratory organs, bladder, kidney, anogenital cancers and myeloid leukaemia) among people with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or basal cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC), with risks found in the general population using data from an Australian population-based cancer registry. METHODS: People diagnosed with BCC or SCC in 1980-2003 reported to the Tasmanian Cancer Registry, Australia, were followed-up by linkage within the registry, until diagnosis of a subsequent smoking-related cancer, death, or until 31 December 2003. Risk of developing a future smoking-related cancer was assessed using age Standardised Incidence Ratios (SIR). RESULTS: People diagnosed with SCC had an increased risk of lung cancer (men: SIR=1.89, 95% confidence interval: 1.61-2.21; women: SIR=2.04, 1.42-2.83) and all other smoking-related cancers (men: SIR=1.38, 1.19-1.60; women: SIR=1.78, 1.34-2.33). Men with BCC had a significant increased risk of lung cancer (SIR=1.26, 1.10-1.44) but not of all any of the other smoking-related cancers (SIR=1.09, 0.97-1.23). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with a history of SCC having an increased risk of developing smoking related cancers cancer suggests smoking as a common etiology. The relationship between BCC and smoking-related cancers is less certain.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cancer and Related Disorders
Author:Blizzard, L (Associate Professor Leigh Blizzard)
Author:Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)
Author:Newman, L (Ms Leah Newman)
Author:Venn, A (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:75234
Year Published:2011
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2012-01-18
Last Modified:2012-06-22
Downloads:414 View Download Statistics

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