eCite Digital Repository

Synergistic effect of social support and self-efficacy on physcial exercise in older adults


Warner, LM and Ziegelmann, JP and Schuez, BEC and Wurm, S and Schwarzer, R, Synergistic effect of social support and self-efficacy on physcial exercise in older adults, Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 19 pp. 249-261. ISSN 1063-8652 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Restricted - Request a copy

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Official URL:

DOI: doi:10.1123/japa.19.3.249


The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the effects of social support on physical exercise in older adults depend on individual perceptions of self-efficacy. Three hundred nine older German adults (age 65–85) were assessed at 3 points in time (3 months apart). In hierarchical-regression analyses, support received from friends and exercise self-efficacy were specified as predictors of exercise frequency while baseline exercise, sex, age, and physical functioning were controlled for. Besides main effects of self-efficacy and social support, an interaction between social support and self-efficacy emerged. People with low selfefficacy were less likely to be active in spite of having social support. People with low support were less likely to be active even if they were high in self-efficacy. This points to the importance of both social support and self-efficacy and implies that these resources could be targets of interventions to increase older adults’ exercise.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:multimorbidity, social-cognitive theory, exercise-specific self-efficacy, exercise-specific social support, sources of exercise support
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Preventive medicine
UTAS Author:Schuez, BEC (Dr Benjamin Schuez)
ID Code:75081
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:54
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2012-01-06
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page