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Medication beliefs predict medication adherence in older adults with multiple illnesses


Schuz, BEC and Marx, C and Wurm, S and Warner, LM and Ziegelmann, JP and Schwarzer, R and Tesch-Romer, C, Medication beliefs predict medication adherence in older adults with multiple illnesses, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70 pp. 179-187. ISSN 0022-3999 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.07.014


Objective: To examine factors preventing medication nonadherence in community-dwelling older adults with multiple illnesses (multimorbidity). Nonadherence threatens successful treatment of multimorbidity. Adherence problems can be intentional (e.g., deliberately choosing not to take medicines or to change medication dosage) or unintentional (e.g., forgetting to take medication) and might depend on a range of factors. This study focused in particular on the role of changes in beliefs about medication to explain changes in adherence. Methods: Longitudinal study with N=309 individuals aged 65–85 years with two or more diseases at three measurement points over six months. Medication adherence and beliefs about medicines were assessed by questionnaire. Hierarchical weighted least squares regression analyses were used to predict individual intentional and unintentional nonadherence. Results: Changes in intentional nonadherence were predicted by changes in specific necessity beliefs (B=−.19, Pb.01), after controlling for sociodemographic factors, health status and number of prescribed medicines. Changes in unintentional nonadherence were predicted by changes in general overuse beliefs (B=.26, Pb.01), controlling for the same covariates. Conclusion: Beliefs about medication affect both intentional and unintentional adherence to medication in multimorbid older adults. This points to the importance of addressing medication beliefs in patient education to improve adherence.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Medication adherence; Medication beliefs; Beliefs about medicines questionnaire; Multimorbidity; Patient education
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
ID Code:75079
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:68
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2012-01-06
Last Modified:2017-10-30

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