Jones, KA and Nielsen, S and Bruno, R and Frei, M and Lubman, DI, Benzodiazepines: Their role in aggression and why GPs should prescribe with caution, Australian Family Physician, 40, (11) pp. 862-865. ISSN 0300-8495 (2011) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2011 Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Official URL: http://www.racgp.org.au/afp
BackgroundBenzodiazepines are widely prescribed in Australia, despite concerns about their potential for abuse and dependence. Paradoxical reactions, disinhibition and amnesia are all associated with benzodiazepine use, misuse and intoxication. While violent and aggressive behaviour may be a consequence of such disinhibition, there is limited information available regarding the links between benzodiazepine use and violence.
ObjectiveThis article aims to examine the existing evidence on the relationship between benzodiazepines, violence and aggression.
DiscussionWhile current evidence suggests that benzodiazepines rarely induce violence, it is important to note that the available literature is limited in its scope and that benzodiazepine related violence is often severe and of potential concern to frontline workers. Mediating risk factors for benzodiazepine related violence include concurrent alcohol use, benzodiazepine dose, a history of aggression and underlying impulsivity. Comprehensive assessment and alternate nonpharmacological treatment options should be considered before prescribing benzodiazepines within primary care.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||substance related disorder, benzodiazepines, prescriptions, drugs|
|Research Division:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Field:||Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Substance Abuse|
|Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||11|
|Downloads:||18 View Download Statistics|
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