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Irbesartan treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension and renal disease: a UK health economics analysis

Citation

Palmer, AJ and Valentine, WJ and Ray, JA, Irbesartan treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension and renal disease: a UK health economics analysis, International Journal of Clinical Practice, 61, (10) pp. 1626-1633. ISSN 1368-5031 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2007.01343.x

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the impact of irbesartan treatment on life expectancy (LE), costs and progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients. A peer-reviewed and published Markov model was used to simulate progression from microalbuminuria to overt nephropathy, doubling of serum creatinine, ESRD and all-cause mortality in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes. Three treatment strategies were evaluated: (i) 'control' regimen of conventional antihypertensive therapy (excluding angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-2-receptor antagonists and dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers), (ii) 'early irbesartan' 300 mg daily and (iii) 'late irbesartan' 300 mg daily (started when overt nephropathy developed). Transition probabilities determining nephropathy progression were taken from the Irbesartan in Reduction of Microalbuminuria-2 study, Irbesartan in Diabetic Nephropathy Trial and other published sources. Outcomes were projected over 25 years. The mean ± SD cumulative incidence of ESRD was reduced by 8.8% ± 0.6 and 12.4% ± 0.7 in patients treated with early irbesartan compared with late irbesartan and control respectively. Early irbesartan treatment improved undiscounted LE by 1.38 ± 0.08 years (discounted: 0.81 ± 0.04 years) compared with late irbesartan and 1.41 ± 0.08 years (discounted: 0.83 ± 0.04 years) compared with control. Early irbesartan treatment was projected to save (mean ± SD) £ 2310 ± 327 and £ 3801 ± 327 over patient lifetimes compared with late irbesartan and control respectively. Irbesartan treatment is predicted to improve survival and reduce costs in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria compared with 'control'. Early irbesartan treatment is more effective than late irbesartan. Irbesartan is a valuable treatment option in this patient group in a UK setting. © 2007 The Authors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Economics
Research Group:Applied Economics
Research Field:Health Economics
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Health Policy Economic Outcomes
Author:Palmer, AJ (Professor Andrew Palmer)
ID Code:74636
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2011-12-09
Last Modified:2011-12-13
Downloads:0

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