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Whole-plant versus leaf-level regulation of photosynthetic responses after partial defoliation in Eucalyptus globulus saplings

Citation

Eyles, A and Pinkard, EA and Davies, NW and Corkrey, R and Churchill, K and O'Grady, AP and Sands, P and Mohammed, C, Whole-plant versus leaf-level regulation of photosynthetic responses after partial defoliation in Eucalyptus globulus saplings, Journal of Experimental Botany, 64, (6) pp. 1625-1636. ISSN 0022-0957 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.1093/jxb/ert017

Abstract

Increases in photosynthetic capacity (A1500) after defoliation have been attributed to changes in leaf-level biochemistry, water, and/or nutrient status. The hypothesis that transient photosynthetic responses to partial defoliation are regulated by whole-plant (e.g. source–sink relationships or changes in hydraulic conductance) rather than leaf-level mechanisms is tested here. Temporal variation in leaf-level gas exchange, chemistry, whole-plant soil-to-leaf hydraulic conductance (KP), and aboveground biomass partitioning were determined to evaluate mechanisms responsible for increases in A1500 of Eucalyptus globulus L. potted saplings. A1500 increased in response to debudding (B), partial defoliation (D), and combined B&D treatments by up to 36% at 5 weeks after treatment. Changes in leaf-level factors partly explained increases in A1500 of B and B&D treatments but not for D treatment. By week 5, saplings in B, B&D, and D treatments had similar leaf-specific KP to control trees by maintaining lower midday water potentials and higher transpiration rate per leaf area. Whole-plant source:sink ratios correlated strongly with A1500. Further, unlike KP, temporal changes in source:sink ratios tracked well with those observed for A1500. The results indicate that increases in A1500 after partial defoliation treatments were largely driven by an increased demand for assimilate by developing sinks rather than improvements in whole-plant water relations and changes in leaf-level factors. Three carbohydrates, galactional, stachyose, and, to a lesser extent, raffinose, correlated strongly with photosynthetic capacity, indicating that these sugars may function as signalling molecules in the regulation of longer term defoliation-induced gas exchange responses.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:carbohydrates, carbon limitation, defoliation, leaf water potential, photosynthesis, plant hydraulic conductance
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Forestry Sciences
Research Field:Tree Nutrition and Physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Hardwood Plantations
Author:Eyles, A (Dr Alieta Eyles)
Author:Pinkard, EA (Dr Elizabeth Pinkard)
Author:Davies, NW (Associate Professor Noel Davies)
Author:Corkrey, R (Dr Ross Corkrey)
Author:Churchill, K (Mr Keith Churchill)
Author:O'Grady, AP (Dr Anthony O'Grady)
Author:Sands, P (Dr Peter Sands)
Author:Mohammed, C (Associate Professor Caroline Mohammed)
ID Code:74627
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2011-12-08
Last Modified:2014-12-12
Downloads:216 View Download Statistics

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